Carol Hiller, Polish painter and graphic designer born in 1891 and died in 1939, is known for his constructivist and biomorphic works.
Together with Katarzyna Kobro y Wladyslaw Strzeminski, He is a key figure in the Polish avant-garde movement between the wars.
Hiller was familiar with the frames of Man Ray y Laszlo Moholy-Nagy and was strongly inspired by them, yet dissatisfied with the experimental nature of the frames, he began working on a technique that would remove chance from the creation process.
na krze (oleh), 1938-1939. Source: Muzeum Sztuki w Lodzi.
Hiller's efforts resulted in the creation of a new technique in the 1930s. It must be stressed, however, that while the famous Dadaist praised serendipity, Hiller thrived on the process that allowed him to fully control the final effect.
La warp and whirlwind of fluctuating matter or on the contrary, the crystalline and well-proportioned forms that they come together stretch the compositions to the limit.
The geometric and abstract forms convey the abundance of metaphorical meanings that often allude to motifs of human beings, music, machines, industry, the city and above all catastrophic visions. Hiller avoided simple literalism and left his works open to interpretation.
Many tragic events ultimately led to the disappearance of a large portion of his works, beginning with the artist's ill-fated execution by the Nazi firing squad in 1939 and continuing with the confiscation of property, warfare, and the hasty resettlement of his widow. of their shared apartment.
Hiller's most profound achievement, among many other things, was the invention of blueprints in 1930, a medium that combines painting, graphics, and photography and allows innumerable graphic effects.
Biomorphic abstract works, along with geometric ones, refer directly to emotions and feelings, which in the artist's belief were the most important in the work of art.
Unfortunately, Hiller's career was violently interrupted by the outbreak of the Segunda Guerra Mundial. He was executed in December 1939.