El May 12, 1921 Joseph Beuys was born, characteristic German artist for working sculpture, performance, happening, video e installation.
Belonging to the fluxus group, he was influenced by German history, shamanism and Rudolf Steiner's anthroposophy.
As a young man he fought as a pilot during World War II until it crashed near the Známenka village of the Crimean Krasnogvardeyskiy Raion.
About to die frozen, he was rescued by Tatar nomads who wrapped him in felt and animal fat, which prevented his death.
This event undoubtedly marked his life, in such a way that both elements constantly appeared in his work, as it was in How to Explain the Pictures to a Dead HareIn 1965.
For her, he put honey and gold leaf on his head, in addition to talking about his work to a dead hare in his arms.
In this work he linked spatial, sculptural, linguistic and sound factors, for which Joseph Beuys assumed the role of shaman with the intention of healing and saving a society that he considered dead.
Student and professor at the Düsseldorf School of Fine Arts, he was placed as the most significant and famous member of the Fluxus neodadá movement. His greatest achievement was the socialization of art to all types of public, including the "social sculpture", resulting from public interaction and discussion.
During the 1970s, they highlighted their work Felt suit, I like america y America likes me, where Joseph Beuys, a coyote and materials such as paper, felt and straw, were the vehicle of his creation.
With an exhibition at the Guggenheim Museum in New York, he approached Andy Warhol and the Japanese artist Kaii Higashiyama in the Global-Art-Fusion project, in which a fax with different drawings of the three participating artists was sent around the world only 32 minutes.
Joseph Beuys died on January 23, 1986, aged 64.