Adolph Tidemand was born in 1814, the same year that Norway it received its constitution, and its art is an expression of the growing self-awareness of the young nation in the XNUMXth century.
Today Tidemand remains the most important genre painter in the norwegian tradition, and with his art he introduced Norwegian rural culture to local and international audiences.
His best known work is Brudeferd i Hardanger (Wedding Procession on the Hardanger Fjord) of 1848, which he painted with his friend, the landscape Hans Gude.
As a child, Tidemand showed an interest in drawing, and in 1832, at the age of 18, he traveled to Copenhagen to study history painting. More specifically, his intention was to dedicate himself to the representation of important scenes in the nation's history.
It was only later, during a study trip to Norway in 1843, that Tidemand decided to dedicate himself to the description of life in the Norway rural. He was still committed to becoming a history painter when he completed his studies at Copenhagen in 1837, although it was not decided where he would continue his studies.
In those days it was common for Danish artists to make their first trip abroad to Munich and then to Roma, but Tidemand decided to continue his studies in Düsseldorf.
From 1837 to 1841, he continued his studies at the Art Academy of Düsseldorf, which at that time enjoyed wide international recognition. He studied with his teacher, Theodor Hildebrandt, and was influenced by him. Here he prepared the well-known Hjemvendte fiskere ved den sjællandske kyst (1838), one of his most important works.
In the fall of 1841 he studied at Italy along with his brother Emil. Few of his works remain from this period, with the exception of the painting Neapolitansk fisker (1842).
In those years, Tidemand was concerned about the history of Norway, and went on to make several landscape paintings in which Tidemand painted the figures.
From then on, he turned to rural life and country traditions, making them their distinctive touch.
Later, his paintings were bought by the important art association of Rhineland, and the money from the sale helped Tidemand embark on a field trip to Munich y Rome. At that time, finally, the aspiring history painter was able to see the new monumental history, admiring the works of Rafael and other old masters in Italy.
En Munich, he was enchanted by steamboats and horses and carriages, visiting many sights, cities, towns and artists along the way.
From the 1850s he returned to live in Düsseldorf, where he would work intensely, while making short trips to Norway and to other countries.
He participated in the honorary category of the Universal exposition de Paris from 1867; and two years later, in 1869, he obtained the degree of professor emeritus of the Dusseldorf Academy.
Died in Dusseldof in 1876, two years after the death of his young son Adolph.