Mario Cesariny was a poet and surrealist painter, and one of the most important cultural figures of Portugal.
Cesariny also wrote novels and plays and worked with other great Surrealists.
He was, among many others, influenced by the French artist André Breton, author of Surrealist Manifesto, whom he met while studying at Paris in 1947.
Cesariny Mário de Vasconcelos was born by chance in vila edith, In the Via Damaia del Benfica, where his parents were on vacation.
The last son of three older sisters was raised by his father, with an overwhelming and pragmatic personality, he was a goldsmith businessman, with a shop and workshop on the street Palma de Mallorca, in the parish of Holy Fair, in the center of Lisbon, which explains his strong passion for details.
After elementary school, young Mario attended the Gil Vicente High School, after which the father changed him to a chisel course at the Antonio Arroyo School of Decorative Arts, where he met Artur do Cruzeiro Seixas y Ferdinand Joseph Francis, which strongly influenced his work.
He then attended a Fine Arts qualification course where he also studied music with the composer Fernando Lopes Graca.
Before long, Cesariny became a talented pianist, but her father, enraged, forbade her to continue with that passion, so she turned to the study of theater in the cafes of Lisbon, where in turn, he discovered neorealism and then surrealism.
In 1947, Cesariny traveled to Paris where he attends the Academy of the Grande Chaumiere and he meets Breton, whose influence leads him to participate in the creation, in the same year, of the surreal group de Lisbon, together with figures like Pedro Antonio Jose. Augusto França, Cândido Costa Pinto, Vespeira, Moniz Pereira and Alexandre O'Neill.
This group arose as a form of libertarian protest against the Salazar regime and against neorealism, dominated by the Portuguese Communist Party, of Stalinist tendency. Later, he founded the antigroup of the surrealists which includes, among others, the following authors António Maria Lisboa, Risques Pereira, Artur do Cruzeiro Seixas, Peter Oom, Fernando José Francisco and Mário-Henrique Leiria.
It is also at this time that his father leaves the family to settle in Brazil with a lover This makes Mario get closer to his mother and his sister Henriette, and to develop his impressive artistic palette.
In the 1950s, Cesariny dedicated himself to painting, but also, and above all, to poetry, writing in cafes.
It is also during this period that he begins to be harassed and monitored by the Judicial Police for "suspicion of wandering", thanks to regular presentations and vexatious interrogations for his homosexuality.
Cesariny lived with financial difficulties, and it was only with the help of his family that he allowed himself to find ways to support and work on his art. In the mid-1960s, he ended up devoting himself entirely to painting for a living.
Beginning in the 1980s, Cesariny's poetic work is reissued by the publisher Herminio Manuel Monteiro and rediscovered by a new generation of readers.
It is at this time that Mario Cesariny He adopts in his works an aesthetic attitude of constant experimentation and practices a technique of writing and (dis)painting that is very widespread among the surrealists.
His poetry was animated by a sense of challenge to behaviors already institutionalized or considered normal in the fields of thought and moral principles.
Resorting to typically surreal processes such as chaotic enumerations, the systematic use of nonsense or black humor, the parodic forms, puns and other puns, automation, is that his art achieves a language that knows how to find a balance between the everyday and the unusual.
It also introduces the technique called "exquisite corpse", which consists of the construction of a work by three or four people in a chain of creative work in which each one continues in real time the creativity of the previous one, knowing only a part of it. of what he did.
In recent years, he has developed a frenetic activity of transformation and rehabilitation of real everyday life, many of which were born collages with paintings, objects, installations and other fantasy materials.
In the last years of his life, Cesariny lived with his older sister, Henriette. Unlike what happened before, she opened up to the media, giving frequent interviews and talking about her intimate life.
In 2004, Miguel Goncalves Mendes made the documentary autographs, intense and moving film where Cesariny exposes and reveals the general mood.
Mario finally died on November 26, 2006.