The scenery as avant-garde art
Until before the twentieth century, and despite the artistic techniques involved to create a scenography, this was not conceived as such.
It was because of companies like Ballet Russes of Diaghilev renowned painters were summoned and began to be considered that way.
Diaghilev rode his dance company in 1909, with the idea of creating avant-garde art.
He worked with musicians like Igor Stravinsky, costumers like Leon Bakst and one of his big stars was Vaslav Nijinski.
Obviously, he needed set designs to match his vision, so he worked with artists like Picasso, Matisse, Miró and Kandinsky.
They collaborated with set designs and wardrobe throughout the history of this company.
Pictures at an Exhibition, revisited
In 1928, Kandinsky performed a staging of Mussorgsky's musical piece.
For this he created a series of geometric images detonated by the composition of the Russian.
At the time of the concert, these abstract creations entered and left the stage, in constant motion, in sync with the music.
This scenery was only seen once in Kandinsky's life in the Dessau's Bauhaus.
Currently it is still recreated in different scenarios in the world.
The Russian avant-garde and its radical theater
Among 1913 and 1933, the avant-garde artists in Russia revolutionized the way of seeing the theater.
This required a radical transformation of the scenery and costumes.
Artists like Malevich, Rodchenko, Liubov Popova and Varvara Stepanova they collaborated from different disciplines to create these changes.
Mechanical installations, geometric shapes and bright colors pointed to an idea of utopian future as promised by communism.
As happened throughout this period, artists nurtured from different areas to create A new art for a period of constant change.