Seeking God: Islam and its intricate geometry of the divine
According to the Royal Academy of the Spanish Language, the geometry It is the study of the properties and magnitudes of the figures, either in a plane or in space.
It is a discipline that is practiced from ancient times to the present day.
Cultures such as Babylonian, Egyptian, Greek, among others resort to it in different manifestations.
Such is the case of art in Islam, which has led to the architecture, writing and minor arts As main or decorative element.
Geometry in Islamic art
Islamic culture has emerged since the seventh century AD, when Muhammad Ibn 'Abd Allah preached in Mecca.
Art had a strong anchorage to theology so that human and animal figures were limited, although not annulled.
This allowed the flowering and development of plant or astral figures.
El mathematical study It also contributed and led to geometric patterns being incorporated into art.
Thus, flowers and stars in series decorated and framed different pieces.
Mathematics, geometry and art were applied in trappings and structural forms as a referential language to paradise.
Becoming a way to venerate the creation of Allah or the cult of Muhammad, better known as Muhammad.
Geographically it spread throughout the Middle East and parts of Africa. Even in India or Europe it was present in everyday life.
They stood out mainly in architecture and ornamentation.
As in the case of mosques, where the Lord is prayed. Examples like the Dome of the Rock or the mosque of Cordoba stand out.
Muqarnas, that is, vaults or half vaults were also decorated in the same way.
According to scholars, the most beautiful are found in Isfahan or Topkapi sketches.
In mausoleums, those of Qubbat or Maqbara and Taj Mahal itself stand out.
In Chahar Baghs or Persian gardens the proximity with paradise of the Genesis was looked for. Divided into four generally square sections and to the center a fountain.
Another example is the Kashmir gardens built by Babur, a former Islamist Mongolian king.
It is even thought that geometric scopes could reach calligraphy.
The same palaces of Ottoman sultans joined the hypnotizing patrons.
The geometry and the sacred
Islam and the concept of beauty are linked to the geometry found in fractals in vegetation.
Or in a tree that reproduces many branches, the patterns of the petals of a flower.
The same infinite stars. Thus, art is related to theological and mystical thinking.
God created nature and in it the divine coexists. It is no accident that men wanted to resort to or reproduce such patterns in art.
It is an attempt to approach God through real estate or earthly objects.