Sr. Juana Inés de la Cruz, the literary who challenged the conventional
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Sr. Juana Inés de la Cruz, the literary who challenged the conventional

Juana Ramírez de Asbaje, better known as Sr. Juana Inés de la Cruz, was an exceptional woman who challenged what was established in her time.

Born in San Miguel de Nepantla, State of Mexico, the 12 of November of 1648, although some studies assure that it was in 1651.

She was a child prodigy, learned to read and write at three years, while at eight she wrote her first loa.

As a child she also learned Nahuatl from workers, which she would incorporate into certain works.

Later, in just a few lessons, he dominated Latin in the same way.

All this, thanks to his maternal grandfather who owned a considerable library that he inherited at his death. His closeness to reading was narrow.

He soon excelled in the viceregal court of New Spain, but refused to follow the rules.

It is said that he dressed up as a man to access knowledge, but as the best option he saw in religious life the opportunity to continue his passion, letters.

Religious life and work

He entered the order of the Barefoot Carmelites, who were known for their rigidity. Then he found his place in the order of St. Jerome.

There he continued with the readings, enjoyed cooking and gatherings, produced much of his work and even told that he approached science.

Seeking knowledge He always moved Sr. Juana Inés de la Cruz in one way or another.

He wrote romances, sonnets, lyres, redondillas, carols, plays and prose.

His pieces undulated between the religious and profane, as well as deepening and deeply analyzing love as a theme.

Her baroque style betrayed her as precise and refined. He also resorted to mythology on different occasions.

Of restless spirit he emphasized by the originality of his verses.

Her complex and at the same time enigmatic and captivating personality led her to be called the tenth muse.

One of his most important poems was First dream, because it was not a commission, but a free sample of his talent.

Towards the end of her life she was sentenced to stop writing and get rid of her library.

However, it is considered one of the greatest figures of the novohispana literature.

Typhus died in Mexico City on April 17 1695 and remains one of the best writers of all time.

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