Controversial women who made history

Tuesday, March 10, 13.55 GMT

Independent, brave and ahead of the time they lived, many women in history they have given what to speak for their strength, openness and liberal thinking, qualities that broke the established standards of their time.

Samurai women

During the Edo period (1603-1868) of the history of Japan, the group of onna bugeishas, samurai women who earned respect and recognition.

Since childhood, they were instructed in martial arts and dominated the use of weapons such as naginata, katana and archery so that, when they were adults, they could defend their estates and their families while the men were outside.

Despite the macho and traditionalist of Japanese society, this group of brave women played a relevant role in cultural and military development and even with a power similar to that of the men of the time.

At home they also played a fundamental role, managed finances and educated children in the ideals of samurai.

Some of the most representative

  • Empress Jingu (c.169 - 269 AD) led the invasion of Korea, returning victorious three years later.
  • Nakano takeko (1847-1868) Martial arts expert, in the Battle of Aizu led a group of female fighters.
  • Yamakawa Futaba (1844-1909) He defended Tsuruga Castle in the Boshin War. After surviving the war, he improved the education of women and girls in Japan.

Mata Hari

Ahead of its time, Mata Hari He went down in history fighting to be an independent and free woman.

Margaretha Geertruida Zelle, better known as Mata Hari was a famous dancer, courtesan and Dutch spy who triumphed in Europe with her brahmanic and oriental dances.

She had two children, one died poisoned and later lost custody of her youngest daughter after her ex-husband accused her of leading a libertine life.

To survive, he made some attempts as a nude model of artists; later on and confident in her oriental knowledge she impersonated a supposed Java princess named Mata Hari.

From there, she lived in Paris as a courtesan and exotic dancer and starring in strip shows that gave her some popularity. Their numbers caused a stir because of the erotic charge that Mata Hari printed on them.

Thanks to the whole story that involved his character, he had secret romances with numerous military officials and even senior politicians.

That was how in 1914, with the start of the First World War and being forced by the crisis, she began working as a spy for Germany.

Georges Ladoux, French counterintelligence officer kept her secretly guarded, confident of her activity as a spy in favor of the enemy and who set him up to be handed over to French authorities.

In 1917 she was put on trial, found guilty of espionage and high treason without conclusive evidence and subsequently executed.

Svetlana Allilúyeva

Svetlana Allilúyeva (1926-2011) the only female daughter Stalin had went down in history after fleeing the Soviet Union and requesting political asylum in the United States.

Daughter of Stalin's second marriage, Svetlana suffered from the authoritarianism of her father.

At the age of 17 he fell in love with the Jewish film writer Alekséi Kápler, 40, who was exiled for ten years to the polar city of Vorkutá on the orders of Stalin.

The disapproval of Svetlana's love relationships continued, even in 1953, when his father had already died, so he decided to change his last name.

Some time later, Svetlana fell in love with Brajesh Singh, an Indian communist, a relationship that, once again, was banned.

In 1966, Singh died and Svetlana asked permission to travel to India to pour his ashes, an action he took to go to the US embassy to request political asylum.

Once she managed to reach the United States, Stalin's daughter denounced in a press conference the excesses committed by the Soviet government.

Svetlana's departure triggered a political crisis.

Already established in the United States, he married William Wesley Peters, with whom he had a daughter named Olga.

He died on November 22, 2011 from colon cancer in Richland County, Wisconsin, United States.

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